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9 October 2013

Biodiversity hotspots in India

From left to right :
25rp : Bugun Liocichla (布坤藪鶥) ; 5rp : Nicobar Megapode (尼柯巴塚雉)
5rp : Hoolock Gibbon (白眉長臂猿) ; 5rp : Venated Gliding Frog (橙腹樹蛙*)
India (2012)

11th September, 2013. Bangalore International Airport

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. The concept of biodiversity hotspots was originated by Norman Myers in two articles in “The Environmentalist” (1988), & 1990 revised after thorough analysis by Myers and others in “Hotspots: Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions”. In India there has two biodiversity hotspots, one is Indo-Burma, and other one is Western Ghats.

Indo-Burma is a biodiversity hotspot designated by Conservation International, which extends from eastern India and southern China across Southeast Asia, and includes Australia, but excluding the Malay Peninsula. The Conservation International hotspot includes all of the World Wildlife Fund's Indochina Bioregion, but also includes the Meghalaya subtropical forests, which the WWF includes in its Indian Subcontinent Bioregion.

Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area of India in the Himalayan foothills of West Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh. It conjoins Sessa Orchid Sanctuary to the northeast and Pakhui Tiger Reserve across the Kameng river to the east. Altitude ranges extremely from 500 metres (1,640 ft) to 3,250 metres (10,663 ft).

Those 2 bird species appears on the stamps are endemic to Indo-Burma or Eagle's Nest Wildlife Sanctuary.

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